Notifiable diseases in animals and how to report them

Some animal diseases in the Northern Territory (NT) are classed as notifiable diseases. Notifiable diseases are classified in one of three categories:

  • emergency diseases - listed under the Emergency Animal Disease Response Agreement (EADRA). Most diseases are not present in Australia but some occur from time to time.
  • exotic diseases - originating outside Australia and are not known to be present in Australia
  • endemic diseases - present in Australia. They may or may not be present in the NT.

Notifiable diseases of animals

There are more than 100 diseases of livestock and animals which are classified as notifiable diseases in the NT.

Diseases which affect multiple species

Endemic

  • Cattle ticks (Parkhurst strain)
  • Cattle ticks (Rhicephalus  microplus and Rhipicephalus australis) in tick free areas
  • Cattle ticks (Ulam strain)
  • Cattle ticks (Ultimo strain)
  • Hydatid disease
    (Echinococcus granulosus)
  • Liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica)
  • Melioidosis
    (Burkholderia pseudomallei)
  • Paratuberculosis (Johne's  disease)
  • Psittacosis Infection (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Emergency

  • Anthrax
  • Australian bat lyssavirus
  • Bluetongue (clinical disease)
  • Borna disease
  • Encephalitides (tick-borne)
  • Foot-and-mouth disease
  • Heartwater
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Rabies
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Rinderpest
  • Screw-worm fly New World (Cochliomyia hominivorax)
  • Screw-worm fly Old World (Chrysomya bezziana)
  • Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)
  • Trichinellosis
  • Vesicular stomatitis

Exotic

  • Chagas disease (Trypanosoma cruzi)
  • Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever
  • Epizootic haemorrhagic disease  (clinical disease)
  • Infection with Echinococcus  multilocularis
  • Leishmaniosis
  • Malignant catarrhal fever  (wildebeest-associated)
  • Transmissible spongiform  encephalopathies (chronic wasting disease of deer and feline spongiform  encephalopathy)
  • Trypanosomosis (tsetse fly  associated)
  • Tularaemia
  • Warble-fly infestation
  • West Nile virus infection  (clinical disease)

Cattle and buffalo diseases

Endemic

  • Anaplasmosis in tick free areas
  • Babesiosis in tick free areas
  • Cysticercus bovis (Taenia saginata)
  • Enzootic bovine leucosis

Emergency

  • Bovine brucellosis (Brucella  abortus)
  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
  • Bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis)
  • Contagious bovine  pleuropneumonia (Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC)
  • East Coast fever (Theileria parva) and Mediterranean  theileriosis (Theileria annulata)
  • Haemorrhagic septicaemia
  • Jembrana disease
  • Lumpy skin disease

Exotic

  • Bovine virus diarrhoea (type 2)

Sheep and goat diseases

Endemic

Emergency

  • Caprine brucellosis (Brucella  melitensis)
  • Maedi-visna
  • Nairobi sheep disease
  • Peste des petits ruminants
  • Pulmonary adenomatosis  (Jaagsiekte)
  • Scrapie
  • Sheep pox and goat pox
  • Sheep scab (Psoroptes ovis)
  • Wesselsbron disease

Exotic

  • Contagious agalactia
  • Contagious caprine  pleuropneumonia
  • Enzootic abortion of ewes or  ovine chlamydiosis (Chlamydophila  abortus)
  • Louping ill
  • Salmonellosis (Salmonella  abortus ovis)

Horse diseases

Endemic

  • Equine arteritis virus infection
  • Equine herpesvirus 1  (abortigenic and neurological strains)
  • Equine infectious anaemia

Emergency

  • African horse sickness
  • Contagious equine metritis
  • Dourine (Trypanosoma equiperdum)
  • Epizootic lymphangitis (Histoplasma farciminosum)
  • Equine encephalomyelitis  (Eastern, Western and Venezuelan)
  • Equine encephalosis virus  infection
  • Equine influenza
  • Equine piroplasmosis (Babesia caballi and Theileria equi)
  • Getah virus infection
  • Glanders
  • Hendra virus infection
  • Potomac fever (Neorickettsia  risticii)

Exotic

  • Salmonellosis (Salmonella  abortus equi)

Pig diseases

Endemic

  • Porcine brucellosis (Brucella  suis)
  • Porcine myocarditis (Bungowannah  virus infection)

Emergency

  • African swine fever
  • Aujeszky's disease
  • Classical swine fever
  • Menangle virus infection
  • Nipah virus infection

Exotic

  • Porcine cystercosis (Cysticercus cellulosae)
  • Post-weaning multi-systemic  wasting syndrome

Read more about emergency animal diseases.

Notifiable diseases in bees

There are many harmful bees and bee pests which could seriously damage the NT honey bee industry. Read more about bee pests and diseases.

How to report a notifiable disease

If you are an animal owner, a person in charge of animals or a veterinarian you must notify the chief veterinary officer if you suspect or know an animal has a notifiable disease. This ensures these diseases are controlled in the event they are detected.

Emergency diseases must be reported within 24 hours. There is a penalty for failing to report a notifiable disease.

If you suspect or confirm an emergency or exotic bee or animal disease, call Animal Biosecurity on 1800 675 888 or your local veterinary or livestock biosecurity officer.

Last updated: 06 February 2018