This page has information for commercial melon growers in the Northern Territory (NT).
Sweet melons are an important industry in the NT. Sweet melons include rockmelon, honey dew melon and watermelon.
The growing requirements are similar, but post-harvest handling is different. Watermelon is packed in bulk, whereas rockmelon and honey dew melons are graded.
Melons in the NT may be affected by the cucumber green mottle mosaic virus and it is important to have good biosecurity measures in place.
Read more about cucumber green mottle mosaic virus.
Melons require mounding with moist but not soggy soil, and a pH of around 6 to 6.5. The irrigation and fertilisation of melons needs to be closely monitored and controlled.
For detailed guidance about growing melons, read the following Agnotes and growing notes:
- rockmelon growing note
- commercial rockmelon production in the Top End
- growing rockmelons around Alice Springs
- watermelon growing note
- soil moisture and profile nitrogen of a watermelon crop
- melon irrigation schedule
- degradable mulch trials degradable mulch trials
Pest and disease management
Several pests affect melons such as cucumber moth caterpillar, heliothis caterpillar, pumpkin beetle, aphids, false wireworm, nematodes and ants.
For more information read the following
- Biology and Pest Management of Spider Mites
- Mites of Horticultural Crops in the Northern Territory
- Control of Melon Thrips - thrips palmi
- Poinsettia Whitefly .
Diseases common to melons are powdery mildew, downy mildew, gummy stem blight, watermelon mosaic virus and soil-borne root diseases.
Read more about the cucumber green mottle mosaic virus and its effect on melons.
Melon necrotic spot virus
Melon necrotic spot virus infects watermelon, rockmelon, muskmelon and cucumber.
Read more about the virus on this Plant Health Australia fact sheet.
A melon industry biosecurity plan is available from the Australian Melon Association website.
Other insect pests
Visit the Northern Territory Insects Database to identify an insect pest and the damage it can cause.
Vegetable field guide
To find the vegetable field guide for extensive information on pests, beneficials, diseases and disorders, read general advice for fruit and vegetable growers.
Search the online publications library to find the results of research regarding melons.
For general horticulture advice and information, read general advice for fruit and vegetable growers.
Last updated: 13 October 2017