This page has general information for commercial banana growers in the Northern Territory (NT).
Bananas grow well in tropical and sub-tropical zones.
The main commercial variety in Australia is the Cavendish. Other popular varieties are Mons Mari, Grande Naine and Lady finger.
Bananas prefer deep, well-draining, acidic soils and frequent watering.
After harvest, remove the main plant and leave the largest sucker to replace it.
You must use tissue culture to grow plants from interstate to ensure they are disease free.
Read about moving plant products interstate or overseas.
Pest and disease management
To identify an insect pest and the damage it can cause, go to the Northern Territory Insects Database.
Banana freckle disease
This disease, caused by a fungus, infects the leaves and fruits of all banana varieties.
Find out more about banana freckle.
Caused by an obstruction or stress, this condition prevents banana fruit bunches from emerging, or emerging abnormally twisted. Read the choke Agnote .
Panama disease - fusarium wilt
This fungus lives in the soil and enters a plants via the roots, causing the plant to wilt and die.
If you suspect your plants have this disease you should contact a plant health inspector.
For detailed information read Fusarium Wilt of bananas (Panama Disease) . It includes illustrations of diseased plants.
Search the online publications library to find the results of research regarding bananas.
For general horticulture advice and information, read general advice for fruit and vegetable growers.
Last updated: 05 February 2020
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