Mineral and energy resources

The mining and energy industries are critical to the Northern Territory's (NT) development, particularly in regional areas.

The NT has some of Australia's largest deposits of uranium, zinc-lead, bauxite, gold, phosphate and manganese.

The Territory also has high potential for other commodities, with exploration and developing projects underway for copper, rare earths, vanadium, lithium, tungsten, mineral sands and potash and more.

Find out more about mineral exploration and petroleum activities in the NT.

Fossickers have unearthed an array of gems and minerals in the NT. Read more about fossicking in the NT.

Developing mineral and energy resources

The NT Government’s Resourcing the Territory initiative includes a range of strategies designed to underpin the long-term sustainability of the Territory’s resources sector.

Find out more on the Resourcing the Territory website.

Laws and regulations

A list of legislation and regulations covering the exploration, mining and extractive activities in the NT is below.

Minerals legislation and regulations

Energy legislation and regulations

Petroleum: onshore and inland waters

Petroleum Act

Petroleum Regulations

Petroleum (Environment) Regulations

Guide to Petroleum Environment Regulations (1.7 mb)

Schedule of Onshore Petroleum Exploration and Production Requirements 2016 (776.0 kb)

Petroleum: specific to Mereenie and Palm Valley

Petroleum (Prospecting and Mining) Act (236.6 kb)

Petroleum (Prospecting and Mining) Amendment Act (No. 1) 1981 (77.1 kb)

Petroleum (Prospecting and Mining) Amendment Act (No. 2) 1981 (32.9 kb)Petroleum (Prospecting and Mining) Amendment Act (No. 3) 1981 (22.0 kb)

Petroleum (Prospecting and Mining) Regulations 1981

Petroleum (Prospecting and Mining) Regulations 1983

Petroleum (Prospecting and Mining) Regulations 2001

Petroleum: NT coastal waters

Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act

Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Regulations

Pipelines: onshore and inland waters

Energy Pipelines Act

Energy Pipelines Regulations

Environmental Offences and Penalties Act

Environmental Offences and Penalties Regulations

National Gas (Northern Territory) Act

Pipelines: NT coastal waters

Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Act

Petroleum (Submerged Lands) Regulations

Geothermal legislation

Geothermal Energy Act 2009

Geothermal Energy Regulations

Other legislation relevant to mining, petroleum and geothermal activities

Aboriginal Land Rights (NT) Act, 1976

Atomic Energy Act 1953

Dangerous Goods Act

Dangerous Goods Regulations

Environmental Assessment Act

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

Heritage Act

Heritage Regulations

Marine Pollution Act

Marine Pollution Regulations

Mineral Royalty Act

Native Title Act 1993

Northern Territory Aboriginal Sacred Sites Act, 1978

Radioactive Ores and Concentrates (Packaging and Transport) Act

Radioactive Ores and Concentrates (Packaging and Transport) Regulations

Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973

Soil Conservation and Land Utilisation Act

Transport of Dangerous Goods (Road and Rail Transport) Act

Transport of Dangerous Goods (Road and Rail Transport) Regulations

Uranium Royalty (Northern Territory) Act 2009

Waste Management and Pollution Control Act

Waste Management and Pollution Control (Administration) Regulations

Water Act

Water Regulations

Weeds Management Act

Weeds Management Regulations

Work Health and Safety (National Uniform Legislation) Act 2011

Work Health and Safety (National Uniform Legislation) Regulations

Last updated: 19 September 2018