Introduction

A heavy vehicle has a gross vehicle mass (GVM) or aggregate trailer mass (ATM) of more than 4.5 tonnes.

There are five different types of heavy vehicle.

If you want to get your heavy vehicle licence you must follow these steps:

Step 1. Learn to drive that type of heavy vehicle.

Step 2. In some cases, pass a heavy vehicle theory test.

Step 3. Pass a driving assessment.

Find out what type of heavy licence you want to get, and then apply for that licence.

If you need to do a heavy vehicle theory test, study the heavy vehicle driver's handbook along with the road user's handbook and the load restraint guide.

To prepare for the theory test, you can take a practice driver knowledge test. Read the list of questions you might be asked (2.8 mb).

All drivers of vehicles with a GVM greater than 15 tonnes must have a zero blood alcohol concentration.

Theory and practical test results remain valid for 12 months from the date of assessment.

If you do not upgrade your licence within this period you will need to sit your test again.

Types of heavy vehicle licences

Light rigid vehicle - LR

This vehicle:

  • has a gross vehicle mass greater than 4.5 tonnes but not greater than eight tonnes
  • or is constructed or equipped to seat more than 12 people including the driver.

Medium rigid vehicle - MR

This vehicle has two axles and a gross vehicle mass greater than eight tonnes.

Heavy rigid vehicle - HR

This vehicle has three or more axles and a gross vehicle mass greater than eight tonnes.

Heavy combination vehicle - HC

This vehicle:

  • is a prime mover with a single semi-trailer that has a GVM greater than nine tonnes plus any unladen converter dolly
  • or a rigid motor vehicle that is towing a trailer that has a GVM greater than nine tonnes plus any unladen converter dolly.

A multi combination vehicle MC (road train)

This vehicle is any vehicle or combination of vehicles other than a motorcycle or trike.

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Last updated: 12 October 2017