Anzac Centenary

Key moments in history

First World War

DateKey moments
4 August 1914 The First World War began when Britain and Germany went to war in August 1914, and Australian Prime Minister Andrew Fisher's government pledged full support for Britain.
13 August 1914 The Northern Territory Times and Gazette advised readers "those desirous of volunteering for local or active military services are requested to send in their names to R J Lewis captain of the cable guard, as early as possible".
11 September 1914 The Australian Naval and Military Exepeditionary Force landed at Rabaul taking possession of German New Guinea at Toma on 17 September 1914 and the neighbouring islands of the Bismarck Archipelago in October 1914.
22 August 1914 The first Territorian to depart for war service was Patrick Holmes, a worker at Darwin's 2 1/2 mile railway workshop.
25 September 1914

Petition bearing 22 signatures was presented to the NT's Administrator Dr Gilruth asking for his assistance hurrying their enlistment.

"We, the undersigned residents of this Territory, are desirous of enlisting in the service of His Majesty the King, and of serving the Empire at the Battle Front, and we beg that you will use your valuable influence to secure for us enlistment with one of the earliest contingents to leave Australia."

8 March 1915 Albert Borella, Robert Dingwall Buttercase (Bob Butters) James Park, James Lawrence Cain (Jimmie Cain) and Frank Thomson sailed from Darwin to Townsville on SS Alderham to enlist in the First World War.
25 April 1915 Gallipoli Landing - Members of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) landed on Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey together with troops from New Zealand, Britain and France.
6-10 August 1915 Battle of Lone Pine and Sari Bair began
7 August 1915 The Charge at Nek
25 April 1916 A memorial service was held in Darwin - one year on from the landing of Australian troops on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
13 May 1916 The NT Administrator Dr Gilruth unveiled the NT Honour Roll in the Public Works Department's office.
1 July 1916 The initial day of the Somme offensive, also known as the battle of the Somme, is the term given to series of battle fought between 1 July and 13 November 1916 along the Somme Valley in France.
11 November 1918 At the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, the First World War ends.
21 April 1921 The Darwin Cenotaph was unveiled outside Government House.

Second World War

DateKey moments
3 September 1939 Commencement of the Second World War.
19 February 1942 Bombing of Darwin - Japanese fighters and bombers attacked the port and shipping in the harbour twice during the day, killing 252 Allied service personnel and civillians.
12 November 1943 The 64th, and last, air raid on Darwin occurred on 12 November 1943. In total there were 97 air attacks on northern Australia and enemy air reconnaissance over the region continued through much of 1944. 
7 May 1945 Victory in Europe
15 August 1945 Victory in the Pacific

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Last updated: 11 April 2016

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