Time-off-water and spelling periods for transported animals

The land transport standards (LTS) specify how long you can leave transported animals without water, and how long they must be spelled for once that time limit is reached - eg: after 48 hours without water cattle over six months old must be spelled for 36 hours.

Read more about livestock welfare and LTS.

The table below lists the time off water and spelling periods for stock covered by the LTS: cattle, buffalo, camels, horses, goats, sheep and pigs.

Species

Class

Maximum time 
off water (hours)

Mandatory spell
period (hours)

Cattle

Cattle over 6 months old

48

36

Calves 1- 6 months old

24

12

Lactating cows with calves at foot

24

12

Cows known to more than 6 months pregnant, excluding the last 4 weeks

24

12

 

Buffalo

Adult buffalo over 6 months old

36

24

Buffalo 1-6 months old

24

12

Lactating buffalo with calves at foot and buffalo known to more than 7 months pregnant, excluding the last 4 weeks

24

12

 

Camels

Camels over 6 months old

48

24

Camels 1- 6 months old

24

12

Lactating camels with calves at foot

24

12

Camels known to more than 9 months pregnant, excluding the last 4 weeks

24

12

 

Horses

Horses over 6 months old

24

12

Lactating mares

12

12

Foals less than 6 months old

12

12

Mares known to be more than 7.5 months pregnant, excluding the last 4 weeks

12

12

 

Goats

Goats over 6 months old

48

36

Kids under 6 months

28

12

Goats known to be more than 14 weeks pregnant, excluding the last 2 weeks

24

12

 

Sheep

Sheep over 4 months old

48

36

Lambs under 4 months old

48

12

Ewes known to be more than 14 weeks pregnant, excluding the last 2 weeks

24

12

 

Pigs

Pigs

24

12

Lactating Sows and Piglets

12

12

Weaners

12

12

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Last updated: 13 October 2017