About banana freckle
Banana freckle was detected in the Top End of the Northern Territory (NT) in 2013, and a campaign to eradicate it is under way.
Eradicating banana freckle
Banana freckle fungus cannot be eradicated by the use of chemicals, the banana plants have to be removed to eradicate the disease.
What it looks and feels like
Banana freckle makes leaves and fruit spotty and feel like sandpaper, which is caused by the fungal spore vessels sticking up through the surface of the leaf or skin.
How it spreads
The spores are spread by water movement.
When the spore vessels mature, they release spores on contact with water.
Run-off spreads the spores across the host plant and can splash or be carried by wind to neighbouring plants.
It also spreads on infected suckers and fruit.
Types of banana freckle
There are three known types of banana freckle fungus, which can only be distinguished by genetic testing.
Only one type of banana freckle, Phyllostica cavendishii, is known to infect the Cavendish banana, as well as other varieties. It reduces the yield and health of banana plants.
This species of banana freckle is listed under the Australian Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed to be targeted for eradication as it is a significant threat to commercial banana production across Australia.
The Cavendish banana is the main variety grown by the Australian banana industry. If we want a successful banana industry in the future we need to eradicate banana freckle today.
Go to the following websites for more information on banana freckle: